Origins of the Months of the Year, Magickal correspondences for the months of the year.
The White Goddess Book Of Shadows

The Months of the Year - The Elements - The White Goddess

Per-Ankh Feed

Thursday, 02 October 2014

The Months of the Year

The Months of the Year

Months Of The Year

Origins of the Months of the Year,  and magical correspondences for the months of the year.

January

From the Roman calendar month Januarius (January), named for Janus, god of beginnings and doorways.

Janus is the Roman god of gates and doors (ianua), beginnings and endings, and hence represented with a double-faced head, each looking in opposite directions. He was worshipped at the beginning of the harvest time, planting, marriage, birth, and other types of beginnings, especially the beginnings of important events in a person's life. Janus also represents the transition between primitive life and civilization, between the countryside and the city, peace and war, and the growing-up of young people.

February

From the Roman calendar month Februarius, named for Februa, the feast of purification held on the 15th.

Februarius (February) was the month for purification. The word is thought to derive from the Latin "februum" (purification); from "februa" (instruments of purification); or from "Febuus" (an obscure deity). It was believed that being struck by the februa (strips of goatskin) would ensure fertility for women and virility for men, so huge crowds would gather along the festival route in hopes of being struck.

March

From the Roman calendar month Martius, named for the god Mars.

March was the original beginning of the year, and the time for the resumption of war. Mars is the Roman god of war. He is identified with the Greek god Ares. Most of us are familiar with March as the month with the ominous soothsayer's warning to Gaius Julius Caesar about the Ides. The first day of the Roman month was the Kalends. In March, the Kalends coincided with the beginning of spring and New Year's Day.

April

From the Roman calendar month Aprilis (April).

The Romans considered the month sacred to the goddess Venus, and its name may derive from that of her Greek equivalent, Aphrodite. It became the fourth month of the 12 "revised" month Roman Republican Calendar in 200 BC. Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. She is identified with the Roman goddess Venus. As part of the seasonal calendar April is the time of the 'Growing Moon'.

May

From the Roman calendar month Maius, probably named for the goddess Maia.

Maius (May) was originally the third month of an ancient Latin calendar. Plutarch said it was "called Maius, from Maia, the mother of Mercury, to whom it is sacred...". Maia (meaning "the great one") is the Italic goddess of spring, the daughter of Faunus, and wife of Vulcan.

June

From the Roman calendar month Junius, probably named for the goddess Juno.

Junius (June) was originally the fourth month of an ancient Latin calendar. Plutarch said the month's name was "so called from Juno; some, however, derive them from the two ages, old and young, majores being their name for older, and juniores for younger men." Juno is the principle goddess of the Roman Pantheon. She is the goddess of marriage and the well-being of women. She is the wife and sister of Jupiter. She is identified with the Greek goddess Hera.

July

From the Roman calendar month Julius, named for Julius Caesar in 44 BC.

July was originally named Quintilis and was the fifth month of an ancient Latin calendar. It was later renamed in honour of Julius Caesar. Julius Caesar reformed the Roman calendar (hence the Julian calendar) in 46 BC.

August

From the Roman calendar month Augustus, named for the emperor Augustus in 8 BC.

August was originally named Sextilis as the sixth month of an ancient Latin calendar. Over four hundred years after it became the eighth month it was renamed in honour of Augustus Caesar (Octavian). Augustus Caesar clarified and completed the calendar reform of Julius Caesar.

September

Seventh month of the Roman calendar, from Latin septem, or seven.

Septembris (September) was originally the seventh month of an ancient Latin calendar. (Septem is the Latin word for seven.)

October

Eighth month of the Roman calendar, from Latin octo, or eight.

Octobris (October) was originally the eighth month of an ancient Latin calendar.

November

Ninth month of the Roman calendar, from Latin nove, or nine.

Novembris (November) was originally the ninth month of an ancient Latin calendar.

December

Tenth month of the Roman calendar, from Latin decem, or ten.

Decembris (December) was originally the tenth month of an ancient Latin calendar.

Magic Folk

Magic Folk

Magic Folk »

Magical Times Magazine

Magical Times Magazine

Magical Times Magazine »

Aeclectic Tarot

Aeclectic Tarot

Aeclectic Tarot »