Thoth - God of Magic, Learning and Scribes. - Egyptian God. Thoth Djehuty Lord of the Sacred Words is a God of magic writing science disputes among the Gods and the judgment of the dead.
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Thoth - God of Magic, Learning and Scribes. - Egyptian God

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Thursday, 20 June 2019

Thoth - God of Magic, Learning and Scribes.

Thoth (Djehuty) ("Lord of the Sacred Words") is a God of magic, writing, science, disputes among the Gods, and the judgment of the dead. The most popular and enduring of all the gods, Thoth has been responsible for keeping Egyptian magic in the forefront of learning since the collapse of the empire. Although in the later Dynastic period he was merely labelled the 'scribe of the gods'. Some stories place him as a son of Ra, others say that Thoth created himself through the power of language. He is the creator of magic, the inventor of writing, teacher of man, the messenger of the gods (and thus identified by the Greeks with Hermes) and the divine record-keeper and mediator.

Thoth [E=Tahuti,Tehuty or Djehuty]

Patron of: knowledge, secrets, writing, and scribes

Appearance: A man with the head of an ibis holding a scribe's palette and stylus. He was also shown as a full ibis, or sometimes as baboon.

The magician's magician since he is endowed with complete knowledge and wisdom. He invented all the arts and sciences, astronomy, soothsaying, magic, medicine, surgery and most important of all - writing. As inventor of hieroglyphs, he was titled 'Lord of the Holy Words'; he was the first of magicians and compiled books of magic which contained 'formulas which commanded all the forces of nature and subdued the very gods themselves'. He appears to be long-suffering and is usually called upon to sort out the chaos created by the rest of the pantheon.

It was this power that earned him the name Tahuti - three times very, very great - which the Greeks translated as Hermes Trismegistus. He is identified as a lunar deity [E=Aah-tehuti] and his sacred animals are the ibis and the baboon. His chief festival was celebrated on the 'nineteenth of the month of Thoth', a few days after the full moon at the beginning of the Egyptian New Year. He was later identified with Mercury but should never be under-estimated, especially his role within the Primitive Path. He is associated with Hod on the Tree of Life and The Magus in the Tarot, his colour being amethyst the symbol of mystical power.

Thoth is considered a lunar deity and is often depicted wearing the lunar crescent on his head. There is a story told of how Thoth won a portion of Khonsu's light. Thoth was worshipped widely throughout all of Egypt, his cult center was Hermopolis.

Feast of Thoth.
Day 19 of Dhwty in the season of Aket (Inundation)
(6th August, depending on how calendar is calculated)

A happy day in heaven in front of Re, the Great Ennead is in great festivity. Burn incense on the fire. It is the day of receiving. It is the day of going forth of
Thoth.

Prayer or divinatory time: dawn.

Prayer or Invocation

Such was all-knowing Tahuti [Thoth], who saw all things,
and seeing understood,
and understanding has the power to disclose
and to give explanation.
For what he knew, he graved on stone;
Yet though he graved them onto stone he hid them mostly...
The sacred symbols of the cosmic elements
he hid away hard by the secrets of Osms
... keeping sure silence,
that every younger age of cosmic time might seek for them.

(Kore Kosmu -G SR Meade translation]

--~Attributes and Correspondences~--

Area of Influence:
Magic, WritingScience, Judgements, Knowledge, Learning, Scribes

Egyptian

Hermopolis

Ibis, Baboon

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Seshat, Ma'at, Bastet, Hathor

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-

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Air

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Moon

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Writing palette and reed pens, Crescent Moon

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Egyptian - Gods and Goddesses

NameTitleType

Aker

God of the horizon.

God

Ammit

Goddess of the Underworld.

Goddess

Amun

God of Winds.

God

Amunet

Primordial goddess

Goddess

Andjety

Patron God of Andjet.

God

Anhur

God of War.

God

Anput

Goddess of the 17th Nome.

Goddess

Anti

Hawk god of Upper Egypt.

God

Anubis

God of the dead and ruler of the underworld.

God

Anuket

Goddess of the Nile River.

Goddess

Apedemak

Lion-headed warrior God.

God

Apep

God of Evil, darkness and choas.

God

Apis

Bull God.

God

Arensnuphis

Nubian God

God

Ash

God of oases and the vineyards of the western Nile Delta.

God

Aten

Creator God and Aspect of Ra.

God

Atum

God of Creation.

God

Babi

Baboon god associated with death and virility.

God

Banebdjedet

Ram god of fertility.

God

Ba-Pef

God of the Underworld.

God

Bast

Goddess of Cats, Lower Egypt, the sun and the moon.

Goddess

Bat

Cow goddess who gave authority to the king.

Goddess

Bata

Bull God.

God

Bes

God of households.

God

Chenti-cheti

Crocodile god.

God

Dedun

God of Incense

God

Geb

God of the Earth.

God

Ha

God of the western deserts.

God

Hapi

God of the annual flooding of the Nile.

God

Hathor

Cow-goddess of the sky, fertility, love, beauty, and music.

Goddess

Hatmehit

Fish Goddess.

Goddess

Hauhet

Goddess and the female personification of infinity or eternity.

Goddess

Heka

God of magic

God

Hemsut

Goddess of fate and protection

Goddess

Heqet

Goddess of childbirth and fertility

Goddess

Heryshaf

Ram God Ruler of Riverbanks

God

Horus

God of war, sky, and protection.

God

Huh

Deification of eternity

God

Iabet

Goddess and personification of the East.

Goddess

Iah

God of the moon

God

Iat

Goddess of milk, nurturing and childbirth

Goddess

Ihy

God of Sistrum Playing.

God

Imentet

Goddess of the necropolis west of the Nile.

Goddess

Imhotep

God of medicine and healing.

God

Ipy

Mother Goddess.

Goddess

Isis

Goddess of magic, motherhood and fertility.

Goddess

Iusaaset

Primal goddess, the grandmother of all of the deities.

Goddess

Kauket

Goddess of Darkness.

Goddess

Kebechet

Goddess of embalming liquid and purification.

Goddess

Khepri

God of rebirth and the sunrise.

God

Kherty

Earth God and a God of the underworld

God

Khnum

God of creation and the waters.

God

Khonsu

God of youth and the moon.

God

Kneph

A creator deity

God

Kuk

Male personification of darkness.

God

Maahes

God of war and weather.

God

Ma'at

Goddess who personified the order and balance of the universe.

Goddess

Mafdet

Goddess who protected against snakes and scorpions

Goddess

Mandulis

Sun God of Lower Nubia

God

Menhit

Goddess of War.

Goddess

Meret

Goddess associated with rejoicing, singing, and dancing

Goddess

Meretseger

Cobra-goddess of tomb builders and protector of royal tombs.

Goddess

Meskhenet

Goddess of childbirth.

Goddess

Min

God of procreation and fertility

God

Mnevis

The sacred bull of Heliopolis

God

Monthu

Falcon god of war.

God

Mut

Mother goddess

Goddess

Nefertem

God of healing and beauty

God

Nehebkau

Guardian of the Duat.

God

Neith

Goddess of creation, war, and hunting.

Goddess

Nekhbet

Vulture goddess, patron of pharaohs and Upper Egypt

Goddess

Neper

God of grain

God

Nephthys

Goddess of death, night, and lamentation.

Goddess

Nu

God of the promordial waters.

God

Nut

Goddess of the sky and heavens

Goddess

Osiris

God of Vegetation, Fertily and the afterlife.

God

Pakhet

Goddess of War

Goddess

Petbe

God of revenge.

God

Ptah

Creator God.

God

Ra

God of the Sun.

God

Rem

Fish God

God

Renenutet

Goddess of nourishment and the harvest.

Goddess

Satet

Goddess of war, hunting, fertility, and the flooding of the Nile River.

Goddess

Sekhmet

Goddess of the sun, destruction, pestilence, and war

Goddess

Serket

Scorpion Goddess of healing.

Goddess

Seshat

Goddess of writing, astronomy, astrology, architecture, and mathematics.

Goddess

Set

God of the Desert and Storms.

God

Shed

Protective and Saviour deity

God

Shezmu

God of execution, slaughter, blood, oil, and wine.

God

Shu

God of the Wind and Air.

God

Sobek

Crocodile God of the Nile.

God

Sopdet

Goddess of Fertility and the personification of Sothis

Goddess

Taweret

Hippopotamus Goddess of pregnant women.

Goddess

Tefnut

Goddess of moisture, moist air, dew, and rain.

Goddess

Tenenet

Goddess of beer.

Goddess

Thoth

God of Magic, Learning and Scribes.

God

Unut

Snake Goddess

Goddess

Wadjet

Snake goddess and protector of Lower Egypt.

Goddess

Wadj-wer

Fertility God

God

Weneg

Sky and Death God

God

Wepwawet

Jackal god of warfare and hunting.

God

Werethekau

Goddess of supernatural powers.

Goddess

Wosret

Guardian Goddess of Thebes.

Goddess

Bibliography

  • The Witches God - Janet and Stewart Farrar
  • The Witches Goddess - Janet and Stewart Farrar
  • A Dictionary of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses - George Hart
  • Celtic Goddesses - Miranda Green
  • Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia - Jeremy Black and Anthony Green
  • Maori Religion and Mythology - Edward Shortland
  • The Greek Myths - Robert Graves
  • Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines, 2-Volume Set - Patricia Monaghan
  • Asgard and the Gods: The Tales and Traditions of Our Northern Ancestors - Wilhelm Wägner Macdovvall
  • The Mythology of all Races - Vol 1-12 - Louis H Gray
  • The Ancient Gods Speak - Edited by Donald B Redford
  • The Pyramid Texts - Faulkner
  • Aradia, Gospel of the Witches - Charles G. Leland
  • Myths of the Norsemen From the Eddas and Sagas - H. A. Guerber
  • The Theogony of Hesiod - translated by Hugh G. Evelyn-White 1914
  • Encyclopedia of Ancient Deities, 2-Volume Set - Charles Russell Coulter and Patricia Turner
  • Wikipedia

[These pages use text from Wikipedia under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.]

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